Symptoms of menstruation

While some lucky ladies have no discomfort at all, it is usual to feel somewhat uncomfortable in the days before your period and during the first day or two of bleeding. Even though they are bothersome, most women find that these symptoms are readily managed and do not interfere with their daily lives.

In the few days before menstruation and during the first day or two of the period, when the blood flow is heavier, the majority of women have moderate symptoms. Menstruation has been linked to more than a hundred symptoms, some of which can vary over time and from cycle to cycle. Menstrual discomforts should typically be tolerable enough to allow you to resume your regular activities. On the other hand, some women experience symptoms so bad that they make it hard for them to perform their daily duties.

The following are a few typical physical signs of menstruation:

  • Tender breasts.
  • Bloating, and fluid retention.
  • Muscle aches.
  • Joint pain.
  • Acne.
  • Abdominal cramps.
  • Diarrhea or constipation.
  • Lower back pain.
  • Trouble sleeping.
  • Low energy, fatigue

Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, or some natural ingredient creams, such as CBD cream for cramps, often reduce painful symptoms such as cramps, backaches and sore breasts. Also, warm compresses or baths can be helpful in relieving cramps. The hormones in the second half of the menstrual cycle cause constipation, and this can make cramps much worse. The pain can be relieved by drinking plenty of water, eating high-fiber foods, or using a basic stool softener. In addition, you may find it difficult to sleep at night, so we recommend taking some night time gummies, which will help you fall asleep.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

A variety of mental and physical symptoms that women encounter in the days preceding the start of their menstrual cycle are collectively referred to as PMS. Common symptoms associated with mood include mood fluctuations, food cravings, and irritability.

What causes period pain?

Period pain can have a variety of causes, so it makes sense that you would want to know why you are experiencing persistent discomfort throughout your period. Perhaps you are the only woman in your family who experiences excruciating cramps. Perhaps you were never in pain untill you were in your 20s. A doctor can help you understand why you experience excruciating cramps every month, regardless of your circumstances. Several frequent reasons for uncomfortable menstruation include:

PMS (premenstrual syndrome)

Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, affects 90% of women who are menstruating. A few days before the onset of your period, PMS sets in and lasts for the first day or two of your menstrual cycle. Experts believe that the decline in estrogen and progesterone levels that occurs just before each menstrual cycle is the cause of PMS. Menstrual cramps, exhaustion, and irritability are just a few of the numerous symptoms of PMS.

PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder)

A more severe form of PMS, known as premenstrual dysphoric disorder, affects approximately 5% of women who are menstruating. Although the exact etiology of PMDD is unknown, women who are depressed, have significant levels of stress in their lives, or have a family history of depression are more likely to develop the disorder. PMDD symptoms are more severe than PMS symptoms, including more excruciating cramping.


Benign growths called uterine fibroids can form in the uterine lining. They can be so tiny that only a microscope can see them, or they can be so large that they distort the structure of your uterus. Typically, they emerge throughout the reproductive years and frequently decrease or vanish entirely during menopause.

Although uterine fibroids are unpredictable, there are few characteristics that can raise a person's risk. These include being overweight, being older, being of African American descent, and having a family history of fibroids.

Fibroids can result in painful menstrual cramps and heavy periods because they develop in the uterine lining. If this is the case, your doctor might suggest therapy for your uterine fibroids.

PID (pelvic inflammatory disease)

Pelvic inflammatory disease is the term used to describe an infection that affects the uterus and ovaries (PID). When bacteria from a sexually transmitted infection (STI) enters the reproductive system, the infection usually starts there. PID may also occur after a surgical operation. Although PID seldom causes symptoms for women, some people may have excruciating cramps as a result of it.


The endometrium develops inside the uterus. If you have endometriosis, however, the endometrium grows outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes or ovaries. Endometrium that grows outside the uterus has nowhere to go when the body tries to remove uterine tissue throughout the menstrual cycle. It can get stuck inside the body, causing severe cramping, heavy bleeding, irritability and inflammation. Most endometriosis patients can now be effectively treated with drugs and procedures thanks to medical advances.


The condition known as adenomyosis, in which the endometrium develops in the uterine muscle wall, is curable. Although it usually affects one area, the endometrium can affect the entire uterine muscle. Although adenomyosis is a treatable disease, it can cause excruciating cramping. The actual etiology of adenomyosis is unknown, women who have had uterine surgery or have given birth are more likely to develop the disease.